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The University of Exeter uses drones to investigate Amazon archaeology

the University of Exeter uses drones to investigate Amazon archaeology

10:37:52 source:

at the University of Exeter announced a new international research project, which will investigate the sustainable development future of Amazon by studying the use of ancient society and changing the environment. The research pioneered a remote sensing data device that would be connected to an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) to scan the canopy of a forest

the European Research Council (ERC) project aims to study how to use Amazon land in the early and late stages of Colombia (the last 3000 years before Christopher Columbus' 1492 voyage), such as "adabel, global market manager of DSM optical fiber and cable materials department. It will focus on how complex human society changes the scale and nature of the environment, from the minimal impact of hunters to the impact of more complex society

this study aims to solve one of the most controversial topics in New World Archaeology, national history, paleoecology and conservation by studying the nature and scale of pre Colombian soil, which has a long history of pre historical land use, and its modern heritage in the Amazon region. As we all know, human beings have lived in the Amazon basin for at least the past 13000 years. Until recently, people thought that people lived in harmony and had a small impact on the ancient forests. However, recent archaeological studies have shown that in the late Holocene (A.D. 1 to date), the existence of a previously unrecorded, large-scale, regionally organized pre Colombian society began to change the landscape

Professor Jos iriart is leading an international team, which is currently conducting a comparative study of land use in former Colombia in four different regions of the Amazon basin, which represent different types of land use in Colombia in the early 3000 years. Evidence of ancient society in these areas includes the land in the lower Amazon characterized by artificial Amazon black soil - the land is more fertile than the surrounding areas, because residual food and human waste accumulate in the next area under the influence of the community

this study integrates experts from various fields, including archaeology, ethnic history, archaeological botany and paleoecology, through the overall understanding of the origin of the Amazon region and the application of a method, Soil science, landscape ecology and remote sensing, including light detection and ranging remote sensing technology, lidar is used for high-resolution maps. The breakthrough in this method is the first time to apply the most advanced LiDAR technology to unmanned aerial vehicles to explore the archaeological characteristics of forests under the canopy of trees in the Central Amazon. The first flight will be held in autumn 2015

Professor iriart explained that the data collected through the project may estimate the spatial scale of past human disturbance in the entire Amazon basin for the first time. Our project will address the previously neglected role of human beings as an important factor in environmental change; From being regarded as a noble barbarian who coexisted harmoniously with the ancient forest to change the broken old forest, he had little or no impact on the landscape, and actively shaped the Amazon basin through agricultural practice. In order to make wise decisions about the future of sustainable development, policy makers must fully understand the historical role of human beings in shaping the Amazon landscape and the extent to which forests resist historical interference

in order to ensure that the results of the project are placed in the context of broader protection and environmental policies, the national Amazon Institute (INP) and the National Institute for Space Research (inPE) are Brazil's project partners

Professor iriart added that understanding the origin and dynamics of agricultural practices in the pre Columbia period has a broader impact on Sustainable Amazon futures. Planting sustainable agriculture can provide an alternative form of food security for the more vulnerable and poorest rural population in the Amazon region, and become a substitute for clearing tropical deforestation and burning agriculture. We can learn from understanding what types of land management have been used in the past and the crops planted and cultivated

the project is an international cooperation with Brazilian partners, including European partners from the Federal University of Pala, beren, the National Institute for space research, San Jose, the national Amazon Institute, Manaus, and the University of Gothenburg in Sweden

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